He et al. (2007) Anopheles gambiae mass spec. peptides


Description of data

Identification of authenticated cuticular proteins has been based on isolation and sequencing of individual proteins extracted from cleaned cuticles. These data facilitated classification of sequences from conceptual translation of cDNA or genomic sequences. The question arises whether such putative cuticular proteins actually are incorporated into the cuticle. This paper describes the profiling of cuticular proteins from Anopheles gambiae starting with cuticle cleaned by the insect itself in the course of molting. Proteins extracted from cast larval head capsules and cast pupal cuticles were fractionated by 1D SDS gel electrophoresis. Large gel slices were reduced, carbamidomethylated and digested with trypsin. The pellet remaining after SDS extraction was also treated with trypsin. The resulting peptides were separated on a C18 column and then analyzed by tandem mass spectrometry. Two-hundred-ninety-five peptides from putative cuticular proteins were identified; these corresponded to a minimum of 69 and a maximum of 119 different proteins. Each is reported as an authentic Anopheles cuticular protein for the first time. In addition to members of two known cuticular protein families, members of additional families likely to be structural components of the cuticle were identified. Furthermore, other peptides were identified that can be attributed to molting fluid, muscle and sclerotizing agents.


Proteomic analysis of cast cuticles from Anopheles gambiae by tandem mass spectrometry.
He N, Botelho JM, McNall RJ, Belozerov V, Dunn WA, Mize T, Orlando R, Willis JH.
Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2007 Feb;37(2):135-46.