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The sandfly Phlebotomus papatasi is the main vector of the Old World cutaneous leishmaniasis. It is distributed from Morocco to the Indian subcontinent and from southern Europe to central and eastern Africa.

Phlebotomus papatasi

Newsletter 13 (Sep 2012)

New website coming soon!

The VectorBase developers have been busy creating a new website with improved search and navigation, as well as a more consistent look and feel. During the transition period of several months, both new and old sites will run in parallel. Your feedback is very welcome at any time.

Anopheles quadrimaculatus belongs to the Maculipennis group and Quadrimaculatus subgroup, often mis-reported as a complex. Its distribution includes the eastern half of the United States, south eastern Canada and northeastern Mexico. A. quadrimaculatus was a capable malaria vector in the United states where malaria occurred.

Anopheles quadrimaculatus

Anopheles freeborni, the Western malaria mosquito, is found in western Canada and in the United States. This species is the principal malaria vector in the arid and semiarid western U.S. (Carpenter and LaCasse 1955).

Anopheles freeborni

Anopheles albimanus it is one of the main vectors of malaria in southern México, Central America, northern South America and the Caribbean. On the Atlantic coast is found from Texas to Venezuela, on most of the Caribbean islands and on the Pacific coast, from Mexico to northern Peru.

Anopheles albimanus

Newsletter 12 (Nov 2011)

  • Genome projects approved
    VectorBase has been informed that the NIH/NIAID vector genome working group has approved two new projects. One will sequence the mite vector of scrub typhus, Leptotrombidium deliense, and provide additional genome and transcriptome sequencing of Ixodes scapularis and related ticks. The second will target genomes of 11 Simulium (black fly) species, including the major S. damnosum siblings, S. woodii, S. ochraceum and S. vittatum.


    The first update to the MOZ1 assembly, MOZ2 involved the results of a concerted effort to correct some of the ambiguities in scaffold map locations and orientations by manual analysis of the archived BAC chromosome hybridization photographs and by the hybridization of a small number of new BAC clones selected to resolve questions of scaffold orientation. The new AGP file, and early draft of which was first displayed on the A. gambiae genome poster published in the 4 October 2002 issue of science, formed the basis of a new annotation and gene build displayed on 1 October 2003 (MOZ2). This assembly was also 278 Mb.


    The A. gambiae S Pimperena colony was established from blood-fed adult females collected in the village of Pimperena, Mali in November 2005. Approximately 5 isofemale families molecularly identified as A. gambiae S form were used to establish the colony.


    The Anopheles gambiae PEST strain was chosen for genome sequencing because it had both a fixed, standard chromosomal arrangement and a sex-linked pink eye mutation that could readily be used as an indicator of cross-colony contamination. The pink eye mutation originated in a colony called A. gambiae LPE established in 1951 at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine from mosquitoes collected in Lagos, Nigeria.

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